2013年职称英语综合类考试模拟题及答案解析(6)

时间:2013-03-12 来源:中国资格考试网 责任编辑:

 第三篇   Lifetime Employment in Japanese Companies

     In most large Japanese companies,there is a policy of lifetime eruployment. What this means is thatwhen people leave school or university to join an enterprise,they can expect to remain with that organiza-tion until they rctire.In effect,the employee gets job security for life,and can only be fired for serious
mistakes in work. Even in timcs of business recession,he or she is free from the fear of being laid off.
     One result of this practice is that the lapanese worker identifies closely with his company and feelsstrong loyalty to it. By working hard for the company,he believes he is safeguarding his own futurc.It isnot surprising that devotion to one's company is considered a great virtue in Japan. A man is often pre- put his firm's interests before those of his immediate family.
      The job security guaranteed by this system influences the way employees approach their work. Theytencl tio think in terms of what thy can achieve throughout their career. This is because theycounterparts.
     This marriage bctween the employee and the company - the consequence of tifetime employment -may explain why Japanese workers seem positively to love the products their co'rnpany is producing andwhy thcy are willing to stay on after work,for littLe overtime pay,to participate in earnest discussionsabout the quality control of their products.
      41. Lifetime employment in the Japanese company means that the employee
        A. leaves his company only when business is bad.
       B. gets a job soon after he leaves school or university.
      C. can work there throughout his career.
      D. can have his serious mi.stakes in work corrected.
       42. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
      A. Family and company interests are equally important.
      B. The Japanese worker is very loyal to his company.
      C. One's future is guaranteed through hard work.
      D. Devotion to one's company is encouraged.
      43. Lifetime employment influences one s
      A. achievements at work.
      B. performance at work.
      C. career options.
      D. attitude toward work.
      44. The Japanese worker is fond of his company's products because of
      A. his marriage with the daughter of the president.
      B. the close link between him and his company.
      C. his willingness to work overtime.
      D. his active participation in quality control.
      45. The passage mainly discu.sses
      A. how lifetime employment works in Japan.
      B. what benefits lifetime empIoyment has brought to Japanese workers.
      C. what lifetime employment is.
      D. how lifetime employment is viewcd.
 
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