2011年A级《职称英语》综合类完形填空真题及答案解析(1)

时间:2013-03-11 来源:中国资格考试网 责任编辑:

   China is set to issue its first clinical guideline on sex-change surgeryi ,according to a notice put onthe website of the Ministry of Healthz yesterday. The ministry is now soliciting(征求)public and profes-sional                (1) on the draft guideline. The coming guideline aims to regulate and standardize sex reas-signment surgery.

      Experts           (2) nearly 2,000 Chinese have undergone sex-change surgery while 100,000 to400,000 are still considering it. However,no official number is available. In the draft,the MOH sets minmum               ( 3) for both surgical candidates and medicaL institutions.Candidates for the surgery must be older than 20 and .single,the draftguideline said. They are als。
required to prove a persistent           (4)for a sex change,to live for at least five consecutive years fultime in the new gender role,and to engage in mentaL therapy for at least one year.
       Before surgery can take place3 ,a candidate must receive a recommendation for the operation from a (5)after an appropriate series of therapy scssions. Also,several lega! requirements must be met  the procedure. The candidate must provide proof from police that he or she cloes not have any criminal   the past. Police must also agree to change the sex status on the identity cardof the prospectivec未来 Wj) receiver before the      (8) can take place.
        The advent(出现)of such a guideline is believed to show that the government is concerned    )theneeds of a relatively small number of people who want to change sex But doctors also warn      (10) allstakeholders,including the hospital and prospective receivers,should be highly cautious about this surgery.
      The operation is more than a mcdical _ (ll)due to its huge social and lcgal consequences.Doctors should make it clcar to those _(12) sex-change surgeries that the option always rcmainsto continue to live in the original role. The guideline           (13)surgeons to tell patients about otheroptions such as hormone therapy4. They are also required to cxplain the _        (14)involved,and un-derlying social barriers including discrimination,and administrative recognition and approval. For the candidates,the surgery itself is not the    (15)issue in the long run. The real issue isthe kind of life he or she will have to lead afterward.
      1. sex-change surgery:变性手术
      2. the Ministry of Health:卫生部
       3. take place:发生;进行
    例句 :The film festival takes place in October.电影节将于十月举行 。
       4. hormone therapy:激素疗法
 

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