2010年A级《职称英语》综合类完形填空真题及答案解析

时间:2013-03-11 来源:中国资格考试网 责任编辑:

  In some countries whcre racial prejudice is acute, violence has been taken for grantedz as a means ofsolving differences; and tLiis is not even qucstioned. There are countries(l)the white man imposes his rule by brute (粗暴的)force; there are countrics where the black man protests by(2)fire to cities and by looting and pillaging (抢劫). Important peopLe on both sides, who wouLd appear to ( 3)of vioLence as if it were a legitimate(合法的)solution,            (4)any othcr.  What is really frightening, what rcally _(5)you with despair3 ,is the reali7,ation that when it comes to the crunch (关键时刻) ,  we have made no actual              (6) atalL.  We may wear collars and ties instead of war- paint, but our instincts remain basically unchanged.

The whole of the recorded         (7)of the human race, that tcdioLis documentation of violence, hastaught us absolutely nothing.  We have still not learnt that            (8)ncver solves a problem but makesit more acute. The sheer horror, the loloodshed and the suffering       _(9)nothing. No soLution cvercomes to              (10)the morning after when we dismally (阴郁地)contemplate the smoking ruins andwonder what hit usThe truly reasonable men who(ll)where the solutions lie arc finding it harclcr and harderto get a hcaring. They are clcspised, mistrusted and even persecuted(12)thcir own kind becausethey advocate such apparently outrageous4 things as law enforccment. If half the energy that goes into(13)acts were put to good use, if our efforts wcrc directed atghettos (贫民窟 ) ,  at improving  living-standards and providing educationwoulcl not have gone a long way to 
     (14)up theand employment slum.s andfor all, we
    1.Racial Prejudice:种族歧视
    2.take for granted:认为……理所当然的
    例:That he won in the game was taken for granted.他赢得比赛被认为是理所当然的。
    3.despair;绝望
    例:Defeat after defcat filled us with dcspair.一次又一次的失败使我们完全绝望了。
    4.outragcous:骇人的,无耻的
    例:Her outrageous behaviour at the party offended everyone.她在聚会上的无礼行为触怒了每一个人。
  备选项:
  1. A. when    B.why    C.where    D.what
  2. A. catching    B.setting    C.fighting    D.rcturning
  3. A. memory    B.spite    C.favor    r).need
  4. A. through    B,as    C.to    'D.1ike
  5. A. puts    B.forces    C.scts    D.fi订lls
6. A. decision7. A. system8. A. argument9. A. mean10. A. end11. A. consider
12. A. for13. A. Lawful14. A. cleaning15. A. arrivingB. pointB. rangeB. talk
B. haveB. lightB. knowB. withB. violentB. lookingB. meetingC. senseC. history
C. violenceC. wantC. mindC. suggestC. byC. symbolicC. takingC. laughingD. progress
D. businessD. researchD. deaLD. lifeD. demandD. ofD. finalD. gettingD. starting
    1.C【解析】本题考查关系副词的用法,又因为此空前面的先行词是国家,在定语从句中做地点状语,所以应该选择表示地点的where,故选C。
    2.B【解析】本题考查词语搭配,set fire放火,故选B。
    3.C【解析】本题考查固定词组,in favor of支持,故选C。
    4.D【解析】本题考查介词的用法,1ike像……,且后面跟名词,故选D。
    5.D【解析】本题考查固定词组,fill.…with.…用……填满了……,故选D。
    6.D【解析】本题考查词语搭配,make progress取得进步,故选D。
    7.C【解析】根据上下文,此处应该表示的是对整个人类历史的记栽,故选C。
    8.C【解析】根据上文,可知暴力不但不能解决任何问题,反而会使问题激化,故选C。
    9.A【解析】根据前面说到的暴力不能解决任何问题,反而会使问题激化,因此血腥和灾难就意味着失去一切,故选A。
    10.B【解析】该句是说即便是对硝烟断壁和争斗原因进行沉闷的思考之后,也仍然无法找出解决问题的方案,故选B。
    11.B【解析】本题考查词语辨析,consider考虑;know知道;suggest建议;demand要求,因为根据这句话的意思应该是这些人了解到……,故选B。
    12.C【解析】本题考查介词词组的固定搭配,by one's own靠某人自己,故选C。
    1 3.B【解析】根据上下文,此处要表达的是如果我们用到暴力行为的精力有一半被利用好的话……我们就不会走很长的路才找到解决办法,故选B。
    14.A【解析】本题考查固定搭配,clean up扫清,故选A。
    1 5.A【解析】本题考查词语搭配,arrive at a solution找到解决的办法,故选A。
 

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